Use of Commercial Vehicles, Trucks and/or Buses on the NYS Parkway System
§ 181.1 Definitions of words and phrases.
- Authorized emergency vehicle. Every ambulance,
police vehicle and fire vehicle.
- (i) Ambulance. Every motor vehicle designed, appropriately equipped
and used for the
purpose of carrying sick or injured persons.
- (ii) Police vehicle. Every vehicle owned by the State, a public authority,
a county, town,
city or village, and operated by the police department or law enforcement
agency of such governmental unit. Any other-vehicle operated by a chief
or deputy or assistant chief of a police department, a sheriff, undersheriff
or regular deputy sheriff. A vehicle owned and operated by the law enforcement
unit of a public or private corporation authorized by law to maintain
a unit for the enforcement of law on the property of such corporation
shall be a police vehicle only for the purposes of this section.
- (iii) Fire vehicle. Every vehicle operated for fire service purposes
owned and identified
as being owned by the State, a public authority, a county, town, city,
village or fire district, or a fire corporation subject to the provisions
of subdivision 1 of section 112 of the Membership Corporations Law, or
a fire company as defined in section 100 of the General Municipal Law.
Any of the following vehicles shall be fire vehicles only for the purpose
of this section:
- (a) a vehicle operated by officials of the division of fire safety
in the Office for Local Government of the Executive Department;
(b) a vehicle ordinarily operated by a chief or assistant chief of
a fire department, or a county or deputy county fire coordinator,
or county or assistant county fire marshal, or such vehicle when operated
in an official capacity by or under the direction of such person;
(c) a vehicle owned by a person, which is recognized and certified
by the director of
such division of fire safety as being maintained for the purpose of
fire-fighting on premises owned or occupied by such person.
- (iv) Emergency operation. The operation, or parking, of an authorized
emergency vehicle, when such vehicle is engaged in transporting a sick
or injured person, pursuing an actual or suspected violator of the law,
or responding to, or working or assisting at the scene of, an accident,
disaster, police call, alarm of fire or other emergency. Emergency operation
shall not include returning from such service.
- Bicycle. Every device propelled by the feet acting
upon pedals, having wheels any two of which are each more than 20 inches in
- Bus. Every motor vehicle used for transportation
of persons that is designed for carrying more than 14 passengers, or has more
than four tires, or that exceeds 9 feet in height from underside of tire to
the top of the vehicle, 7 feet in width or 19 feet in length,
- Commercial vehicle. Every type of motor-driven
vehicle used for commercial purposes on the highways, such as the transportation
of goods, wares and merchandise and motor coaches carrying passengers; including
trailers and semitrailers and tractors when used in combination with trailers
and semitrailers, and excepting such vehicles as are run only upon rails or
- Highway. The entire width between the boundary
line of every way or parkway publicly maintained when any part thereof is
open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.
- House coach. Any vehicle motivated by a power connected
therewith or propelled by a power within itself, which is or can be used as
the home or living abode or habitation of one or more persons, either temporarily
or permanently. In the application of these regulations to house coaches,
a house coach propelled by a power within itself shall be deemed a motor vehicle,
a house coach motivated by a power connected therewith shall be deemed a trailer,
and all house coaches shall be deemed vehicles.
- Motorcycle. Every motor vehicle having a seat or
saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three
wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor.
- Motor-driven cycle. Every motorcycle, including
every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five horsepower,
and every bicycle with motor attached.
- School Bus. Every motor vehicle owned by a public
or governmental agency or private school and operated for the transportation
of pupils, teachers and other persons acting in a supervisory capacity, to
or from school or school activities or privately owned and operated for the
transportation of pupils, teachers and other persons acting in a supervisory
capacity to or from school or school activities that is designed for carrying
more than 14 passengers, or has more than four tires, or that exceeds 9 feet
in height from underside of tire to the top of the vehicle, 7 feet in width
or 19 feet in length.
The Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York
further defines a School Bus as:
"Every motor vehicle owned by a public or governmental agency or private
school and operated for the transportation of pupils, children of pupils,
teachers and other persons acting in a supervisory capacity, to or from
school or school activities or privately owned and operated for compensation
for the transportation of pupils, children of pupils, teachers and other
persons acting in a supervisory capacity to or from school or school activities."
- Semitrailer. Any trailer which is so designed that,
when operated, the forward end of its body or chassis rests upon the body
or chassis of the towing vehicle.
- Taxicab. A motor vehicle having a seating capacity
for passengers of not more than seven persons, in addition to the driver,
and used in the business of transporting passengers for compensation.
- Trailer. Any vehicle not propelled by its own power
drawn on the public highways by
a motor vehicle as defined in this section, except motorcycle sidecars, vehicles
being towed by a nonrigid support and vehicles designed and primarily used
for other purposes and only occasionally drawn by such a motor vehicle
- Truck. Every motor vehicle designed, used or maintained
primarily for the transportation of property; provided, however, that a pickup
truck or a van which is legally registered as a passenger vehicle and which
has passenger license plates shall not be deemed to be a truck.
- Vehicle. Every device in, upon or, by which any
person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except
devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or
- Hearse. A station wagon type vehicle equipped for
transporting a coffin or remains of a deceased person.